Eugenia uniflora is a tropical fruit bearing shrub or small tree in the family Myrtaceae. Common names include Surinam Cherry, Pitanga, Brazilian Cherry, Cayenne Cherry, Florida Cherry, Surinamkirsche, Surinam-Kirschmyrte, Cayena, nagapiry, Barbados cherry, French cherry, Pitanga cherry and Red Brazil cherry. Surinam Cherry is native to tropical South America (such as Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Northern Argentina). It is widely cultivated in Tropical regions. It prefers well-drained soil. The varieties of Surinam Cherry are: Common bright red and Rare dark crimson-nearly black. The plant flowers during September. It fruits two to three times in a year.
Surinam Cherry is an evergreen, multi-branched shrub or small tree reaching 10 m (30 ft.) in height. The leaves are opposite, simple, pinnate, ovate or elliptic to ovate, shiny dark green and 2.5-8 cm (1-3 inch) long. The flowers have four white petals, thin, obovate, fugacious, fragrant and 13 mm (0.5 inch) across. The fruit is depressed to globose; 4 cm (1.5 inch) wide and 1 inch diameter. The fruit flesh is orange to red. Fruit possess 2 or 3 small seeds and light brown.
Surinam Cherry found wild in Paraguay in the thickets on banks of Pilcomayo River. It was botanically described as a plant which grows in Pisa garden at Italy. It was believed to get introduced from Goa (India). The seeds were brought by the Portuguese voyagers to the India from Brazil.
Traditional uses of Surinam Cherry
How to Eat
HOMEMADE SURINAM CHERRY JAM
2 cups surinam cherries (deseeded)
1/2-3/4 cups sugar
2 tbsp lemon juice
Hold each cherry over a measuring cup and squeeze the seed out of the fruit. Do this until you have the desired amount of cherries.
In a pan, place the cherries, sugar and lemon juice. Bring to a high simmer and stir. Lower the heat and allow to simmer on low heat stirring intermittently. Do this until you get a jam like consistency (usually takes about 30 minutes).
If you are canning, place hot in sterilized jar and cover properly. Otherwise, wait for the jam to cool before enjoying with bread and cheese.
Surinam Cherry is rich in antioxidants which help to prevent the free radicals that are the major cause for inflammation and diseases. Fruits are rich in phosphorus, Vitamin C, riboflavin, iron and niacin. It possesses antiseptic, antitumor, astringent and antibacterial properties; provide relief from diarrhea and gastro-intestinal problems.
The sufficient level of Vitamin C in Surinam Cherry helps to prevent the damage of blood vessels caused by free radicals. Atherosclerosis is a heart disease which is caused due to the free radicals. Vitamin C helps to prevent this heart ailment and other cardiac issues.
The high intake of fruits and vegetables is associated to lower the chances of cancer. The studies shows that high intake of Vitamin C helps to lower the chances of mouth, lungs, throat, vocal chords, rectum, colon, esophagus and stomach cancer.
Cataracts are the visual related problems. The people with cataracts have shown the decrease level of Vitamin C. The high intake of Vitamin C raises the supply of blood to the ocular areas.
Vitamin C promotes the immune power which prevents coughs and colds. It stimulates the iron absorption and enhances the resistance power of the body against infection. It helps to counteract against viruses.
Vitamin A helps to eradicate the body from toxins and free radicals which damages the skin. It provides soft and supple skin by retaining the moisture, prevent dryness, keratinization and skin ailments such as psoriasis.
Vitamin A lowers the production of excess sebum and reduces the acne. It strengthen the skin tissues, enhances the health and skin vitality. It helps to maintain the mucus membranes and skin tissues. It eradicates the toxins from the body and cleans the system with its antioxidant properties.
Vitamin A enhances the immune power to fight against infections by raising lymphocytic responses against antigens. It provides the moisture to the mucus membranes to provide immune power and promotes the actions of white blood cells. It prevents the entering of body, counteracts the infections. It ensures the double core protection.
It helps to maintain the bones shape and its health. Vitamin A ensures the proper growth of muscles. It prevents the development of muscular dystrophy.
Vitamin B2 helps to produce antibodies and red blood cells in the humans. It helps to increase oxygenation and circulation to the organs of the body.
Vitamin B2 ensures the proper development and growth of reproductive organs and body tissues growth such as connective tissues, skin, eyes, nervous system, mucous membranes and immune system. Additionally, it promotes the healthy nails, skin and hair.